Allah is the name of the only God in Islam. Allah is a pre-Islamic
name coming from the compound Arabic word Al-ilah which
means the God, which is derived from al-ilah (deity). It was also
the name of the chief God among the numerous idols (360) in the
Kaaba in Mecca. Today a Muslim is one who submits to the God
Allah.

Islam means submission to Allah, but originally it meant "strength
which characterized a desert warrior who, even when faced with
impossible odds, would fight to the death for his tribe". (Dr. M.
Baravmann, The Spiritual Background of Early Islam, E. J. Brill,
Leiden, 1972)

Many believe the word “Allah” was derived from the mid-eastern
word “el” which in Ugaritic, Caananite and Hebrew can mean a
true or false God.

According to the Encyclopedia of Religion, Allah corresponded to
the Babylonian god Baal, and Arabs knew of him long before
Mohammed worshipped him as the supreme God. Before Islam,
the Arabs recognized many gods and goddesses and each tribe had
their own deity. There were also nature deities. Allah was the god
of the local Quarish tribe, which was Mohammed's tribe before he
invented Islam to lead his people out of their polytheism. Allah was
then known as the Moon God, who had 3 daughters who were
viewed as intercessors for the people into Allah. Their names were
Al-at, Al-uzza, and Al-manat, which were three goddesses; the first
two daughters of Allah had names which were feminine forms of
Allah. Hubal was the chief God of the Kaaba among the other 360
deities. Hubal was the chief God of the Kaaba among the other
360 deities. Hubal was a statue likeness of a man whose body was
made of red precious stones whose arms were made of gold.
(Reference Islam George Braswell Jr.)

Historians like Vaqqidi have said Allah was actually the chief of the
360 gods being worshipped in Arabia at the time Mohammed rose
to prominence. Ibn Al-Kalbi gave 27 names of pre-Islamic deities.
Interestingly, not many Muslims want to accept that Allah was
already being worshipped at the Ka'ba in Mecca by Arab pagans
before Mohammed came. Some Muslims become angry when they
are confronted with this fact. But history is not on their side. Pre-
Islamic literature has proved this.” (G. J. O. Moshay, Who Is This
Allah? (Dorchester House, Bucks, UK, 1994), pg. 138).

History has shown that Mecca and the holy stone al-Kaaba were
holy sites for pre-Islamic pagan Arabs. The Kaaba in Mecca was
formerly named Beit-Allah meaning House of Allah.

The Koran tells us that Mohammed drove the other idols away and
that he was the messenger for the one and only God. He kept the
Kaaba as a holy, sacred place and confirmed that the black stone
had the power to take away sins. He obligated every believer to
make a pilgrimage to the stone at least once in his lifetime. (Sura 22:
26-37) No Old Testament saint ever journeyed to the Kaaba and
kissed its black stone.

Mohammed used the name Allah which was the name of a specific
idol without ever distinguishing it from the idol the Meccans were
already worshipping. This was a modification of their former
worship but never a complete break. He never did say for the
people to stop their worship of the wrong Allah for the right one.

Al-Lat which adds the letter T to the end of the name of Allah, was
represented by a square stone whose major sanctuary was in the
city of Taif. In the sanctuary was a black stone in the town of
Qudayd between Mecca and Medina. This stone represented the
goddess of fate, a female counterpart of Allah. Al-uzza was the
goddess of East Mecca. It has been said there were human
sacrifices made to her and Islamic tradition tells of a story of
Mohammed’s grandfather almost sacrificing his son the father of
Mohammed to her. What prevented this was his seeking counsel
from a fortune teller who told him to ransom his son with one
hundred camels. Muslims look to this as the will of Allah to bring
Mohammed into existence. (Reference Muhammad husain haykal,
Hayat Mohammed)

The name Allah, as the Koran itself is witness, was well known in
pre-Islamic Arabia. Indeed, both it and its feminine form, Allat, are
found not infrequently among the theophorous names in
inscriptions from North Africa. (Arthur Jeffrey, ed., Islam:
Mohammed and His Religion (1958), p. 85.)

The literal name of Mohammed's father in Arabic is Abd Allah. His
uncle's name Obred Allah. These names show the devotion of
Mohammed's family's pagan roots and also prove that Allah was
part of a polytheistic system of worship before Allah was made the
supreme and only God from the other gods. This should be proof
to the pre-Islamic root of the name of Allah to the Muslim.
Remember they were pagans who used this name. He kept his
family name above all other names. Mohammed had good
intentions in removing the people from their polytheistic worship,
however he did not go far enough in his reform.

Mecca was the place where the idol Allah was located, so the
people would face in that direction when they prayed. Prior to
Islam the people would pray 5 times a day facing Mecca (The
Encyclopedia of Islam p.303) and each Arab tribe used Allah to
refer to its own particular high god. This is why Hubal, the Moon
god, was the central focus of prayer at the Kaabah and people
prayed to Hubal while using the name Allah. The crescent moon
was the symbol of the moon God Allah (Hubal) and is still used as
a symbol of Islam today (although they have changed the meaning
to be from Mecca to the moon Islam will spread). Today there is
hardly a Muslim that knows its ancient origin. History records it as
an ancient pagan fertility symbol that is found throughout the
Middle East. Mohammed smashed all the idols that led the people
into idolatry but the black stone was kept which Muslims continue
to kiss today. This was another practice that preceded Mohammed.

Mohammed made Allah into a single being who, unlike the Bible's
God, has no son. Because of this portrayal, there is no fellowship
or love among the godhead before God created man. Creation and
man therefore become a necessity for God to express His attributes
or characteristics. This God has never revealed Himself to man but
revealed only His will. This God is so removed from man that it is
impossible to know him in a personal way. He relates to man only
through his will and law.

Of the 99 names of God in Islam, not one is “Father” or has a
personal connotation. The difference is not to be overlooked. The
God of the Bible is personal and wants an ongoing friendship with
each of us. Islam portrays God as one who expects us to do our
religious duty or He angers. There are rules to be obeyed and one
can only please him but not know him personally. No Muslim
would ever consider being able to have a personal relationship with
him by talking to him and loving him. Jesus instead taught
Christians to pray “
our Father in heavenMatthew 6:9.
Throughout the Old Testament God was real to the prophets who
had him personally speak to them and they to him. “
Have we not
all one Father? Has not one God created us? Why do we deal
treacherously with one another by profaning the covenant of the
fathers?”
Malachi 2:10

Muslims claim that the name Allah can be found in the Bible. This
is no different than what the Jehovah's Witnesses do for the name
Jehovah. Allah is not called Yahweh once in the Koran but neither
is Yahweh called Allah in the Bible. So they can't be the same
God. Neither is the word Elohim which is applied to Yahweh over
2,500 times in the Bible used in the Koran. Neither is he called I
Am, which He said to Moses would be His name forever.

The God of the Bible identifies himself as the God of Abraham,
Isaac and Jacob. Jacob's name is later changed to the name Israel,
being the father of the 12 tribes of Israel. The God of the Bible
calls Jerusalem the city of David and claims that the Messiah
would descend from his lineage. The God of the Bible does not
mention Mecca or Medina but instead Jerusalem 800 times, yet
Jerusalem is not mentioned in the Koran, which the Muslim claims
as their own.

Muslims trying to prove their position from the Bible point to the
Old Testament with the word alleluyah, interpreting the first
portion of the word alle as Allah. The word [H]alleluyah is not a
compound Hebrew word. It is not two words but a singular word
meaning praise to Yahweh. (alle- praise, lu-to, yah-Yaweh). The
beginning of the word is Hallel meaning praise. This has nothing to
do with an Allah, and the last syllable of the word is a reference to
Yahweh the God of the Bible--this is hardly evidence for their
assertions. They are also confusing Aramaic with Arabic. This is
not unusual, as Muslims will often take words and meanings set in
another language and culture and adopt them for proof of their
own book or religion.

This word-play only gets more ludicrous as they claim to have
Jesus saying the name of their God. When Jesus was on the cross
they say that when he cried out "Eli, Eli", it was really Allah, Allah.
The New Testament was written in Greek. However it points us to
him speaking the Aramaic language, not Arabic. Jesus was quoting
Psalm 22:1 which when read in full says, Eli, Eli Sabbathani “
My
God, My God why have you forsaken me.
” What makes even less
sense for this position is the fact that they don't believe that it was
Jesus on the cross in the first place, but that another took His
place. Some think it was Judas. So was it Judas crying out Allah,
Allah?

The first Arabic translation of the Bible came into existence about
the 9th century. Nowhere is the name of Allah found in the Old or
New Testament. When Islam became the dominant political force,
people were coerced to use the name Allah for God or suffer the
consequences from the hands of militant Muslims. Because of
Islam's dominance, Allah became the common name of God. The
translators of the Bible gave in to the religious pressures and
substituted Allah for Yahweh in the Arabic Bibles, but this is not
the name of the God of the Hebrews, nor of the Creator who made
heaven and earth. His nature and attributes have only a few basic
similarities, yet far more differences.
Who is Allah?